American Intelligence CIA was behind the assassination of former Pakistani President General Zia ul Huq?
ISLAMABAD - Denying their hand in the killing of former Pakistan military ruler Gen. Muhamamd Ziaulhaq, two former generals of the Pakistan army have drawn divergent conclusions on the reasons behind the plane crash.
In an exclusive interview with the Anadolu Agency, Muhammad Ijazulhaq, former Pakistani minister and son of Ziaulhaq had blamed the former Army Chief Gen. Mirza Aslam Beg, former National Security Advisor Gen. Mahmood Ali Durrani for conspiring to bring down the C-130 plane on Aug. 17, 1988.
The crash killed the country’s president along with five military officers and the U.S. Ambassador Arnold Lewis Raphel.
Beg said he had pressed several times for a proper inquiry during his tenure as army chief. But the government did not pay attention to his requests.
"It was not an accident but sabotage. All indications are pointing towards that,” he told Anadolu Agency.
But Durrani, who was heading the Multan division that hosted Ziaulhaq to watch the trial of American tanks in deserts of Bahawalpur, said he did not believe in the sabotage theory.
Both these generals appeared divided over whether the crash was an "accident" or a "sabotage".
Durrani insisted that the plane crash was simply an accident, resulting from a “technical fault”.
On Ijazulhaq’s allegations about his role in the conspiracy, the former army chief Beg said he did not feel fit to respond to them. He also reminded that he had played a role in the smooth transition of power to a civilian government.
"I was the one who held the elections, and handed over the country's reigns to a democratic government instead of imposing a martial law," Beg said referring to November 1988 general elections, which were held just three months after Ziaulhaq’s death.
"If I were involved in any conspiracy then how did it benefit me?” he asked.
“I did not impose the martial law despite pressure [from within the army]. I did not even accept extension in my tenure as the army chief. Then, why would I be involved in a conspiracy, which did not benefit me in any way,” he said.
Beg served as army chief from 1988-1991.
He, however, said he had strong reasons to believe in the involvement of the Central Investigation Agency (CIA) of the U.S.
Referring to the death of U.S. envoy also in the crash, he said the CIA is used to find a scapegoat to hide behind.
Beg further mentioned that an internal inquiry conducted by the military intelligence during his tenure had also raised suspicion about the role of CIA. But he refused to part further details of the internal inquiry.
Durrani dismisses sabotage theory
But Durrani disagreed with the Beg’s conclusion. He described the entire conspiracy theory as “childish”.
Ijazulhaq in his interview had stated that there was evidence that mango crates loaded on the plane carried explosives. He also claimed that nerve gas was also pumped into the cabin to maim pilots, besides a projective also from outside, to leave nothing to chance.
Durrani said, all these theories have been cooked up. “My theory has no fun or gossip. But the reality is that it was purely a technical error, which led to that unfortunate accident," he told Anadolu Agency.
“It was not the first time the C-130 had developed a technical error. I remember it [C-130] had twice developed technical faults at Karachi and Chitral [northwestern tourist resort] airports, months before the crash. And, I had accompanied him [Ziaulhaq] on both occasions," he said.
Describing Ijazulhaq’s allegations baseless, Durrani, who served in the army from 1961-1998 said it was not possible to force the president, who was also army chief to inspect the field trial of tanks.
“Ziaulhaq was not a kid, he was the president and the army chief. How could I force or lure him to go where he did not want to," said Durrani, who also served as the country’s National Security Adviser from May 2008 to January 2009.
Ijazulhaq also claimed that Durrani had called 16 times to convince his father to fly to Bahawalpur.
“It was purely Gen. Zia’s [Ziaulhaq] decision to witness field trials of tanks. It had been decided in a meeting of the corps commanders. It is very much on record," he said.
He also refused allegation that he had called Ziaulhaq 16 times.
“This is a lie. I had called him only twice a few days before he visited Bahawalpur,” he added.
Charging Ijazulhaq for playing politics, Durrani said: “If he (Ijazulhaq) were serious, he would have pressed for the investigation of his choice.”
Ijazulhaq has served as a federal minister under former President Gen. Pervez Musharraf and former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Durrani, however, supported Ijazulhaq’s demand for making the report of Justice Shafi-ur-Rehman Commission public.
“This is unfortunate that not only Justice Shafi-ur-Rehman Commission report but many other reports have never been made public, which eventually gives rise to the conspiracy theories. If these reports are made public, there would have been no conspiracy theories, “he said. - Anadolu Agency