UN calls for real progress at Syria peace talks
Difficult negotiations on ending the devastating civil war in Syria began in earnest in Geneva on Wednesday after a government delegation arrived, with the UN mediator urging all sides to aim for "real progress".
The government in Damascus had initially refused to confirm it would attend the United Nations-brokered peace talks, which formally opened on Tuesday, after the rebels signalled they would maintain a hardline on their call for President Bashar al-Assad to be removed from office.
But government negotiators sat down Wednesday with UN mediator Staffan de Mistura -- first at a luxury Geneva hotel and later at the UN -- after reportedly securing key concessions, including keeping the Assad issue off the table.
De Mistura then met with representatives of the Syrian opposition.
In the past two years, thanks in part to Russian military support, the Syrian regime has made major advances against its opponents, taking back large chunks of the war-ravaged country -- and easing the pressure to negotiate.
The talks have achieved little through seven previous rounds that began last year, but there are hopes that progress will be made this time.
De Mistura said the atmosphere in his meeting with the government was "constructive and professional". He said the talks may stretch into next week.
At day's end, the UN envoy issued a statement stressing that "the time has come to focus on achieving real progress on the political process, in the interest of the Syrian people".
The six-year war has claimed more than 340,000 lives, forced millions to flee their homes and left Syria in ruins.
De Mistura also called on all parties involved to "refrain from statements aimed at delegitimising other invitees."
Government delegation chief Bashar al-Jaafari declined to speak to reporters.
The opposition, united in one delegation for the first time, has stressed it is anxious for face-to-face talks with the government.
"As the other party has arrived, we want to move rapidly, as quickly as possible to a direct negotiation," rebel delegation chief Nasr al-Hariri told reporters at the UN before entering an evening meeting with de Mistura.
The envoy has said he would push for direct talks once the opposition unified, but a source close to the government told AFP that Damascus would not agree to sit around a table with rebel negotiators at this stage.
Hariri has said his camp was still insisting on Assad's removal as part of any peace deal, defying calls for moderation and reportedly infuriating the government.
But De Mistura has warned the opposition that intransigence on the Assad issue might no longer be tenable.
In September, he said the opposition needed to be "realistic" and accept that "they didn't win the war" -- a statement supported by facts on the ground.