Indian brutalities in Occupied Kashmir forcing scholars, educated youth to take up arms

Indian brutalities in Occupied Kashmir forcing scholars, educated youth to take up arms

ISLAMABAD: Indian brutalities in the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) have forced scholars, professors and educated youth to take up arms against the Indian state terrorism, Washington Post said in a report.

The report said that the number of young Kashmiri youth turning to the armed resistance was growing and not just the youth but also professors had also started standing up against Indian atrocities in the occupied territory.

The Washington Post report shared the account of a professor Muhammad Rafi Bhat, who failed to attend a faculty meeting at the University of Kashmir one Friday afternoon last year and no one knew of his whereabouts till two days later, when his colleagues turned on their televisions and saw that he was martyred by Indian troops during a cordon and search operation in Badigam village of the Shopian district.

“He (Rafi Bhat) was the kind of professor students adored, always ready to help with books, advice or small loans. His colleagues in the sociology department found him reliable and ambitious, a scholar whose research on consumerism might propel him to a post elsewhere in India”, the Washington Post said in its report.

“Bhat’s brief transition from academia to insurgency was part of a troubling trend. Growing numbers of young Kashmiris turned to militancy in 2018, according to official figures, giving new energy to an armed struggle that as recently as a few years ago appeared to be diminishing,” the report said.

Some of the recruits, like Bhat, the report said, were highly educated and had promising careers ahead of them; others were high school dropouts from rural villages. “But each embraced violence, drawn to a three-decade insurgency against India’s rule in its portion of Kashmir, the Himalayan region claimed by India and Pakistan,” it added.

According to the report, “One of the recent recruits was Adil Ahmad Dar, a 19-year-old suicide bomber who nearly sparked a war between the two nuclear-armed neighbors. Dar drove a vehicle carrying explosives into a security convoy on Feb 14, killing 40 paramilitary personnel. It was the worst such attack in the history of the insurgency….” “…Last year, 191 Kashmiri youths joined militant groups, according to an Indian army official who spoke on the condition of anonymity, nearly 52 percent more than in 2017, when 126 joined. As recently as 2013, the number of local recruits was put at just 16”, the report noted.

“Bhat, 31, received a PhD from the University of Kashmir and began teaching there. His students said they were crushed to learn of his death but described it as a form of martyrdom,” it said.

“It is a personal choice. You cannot stop anyone,” the report quoted Mohammad Rayees Rafeeqi, 24 as saying.

“Kashmir could be “hurtling towards a heightened phase of terrorism,” according to an assessment recently published by the South Asia Terrorism Portal, a New Delhi-based website that tracks militant groups in the region.”

“Even as the Indian government has clamored for action…., “what is being completely overlooked are strategies to restore internal stability and sober governance” in Jammu and Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state,” the report added.

“Critics say heavy-handed tactics by India have bred anger and despair. Kashmiris describe a sense of daily humiliation, sometimes petty and sometimes grave, together with a feeling of suffocation by a conflict that shows no hope of immediate improvement”, the report said.

“Today’s militancy in Kashmir is smaller and less deadly than at the insurgency’s peak in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Indian security officials say 300 to 400 militants are active in the territory, most of them operating in South Kashmir. Some of are locals, and others have crossed over …..” it added.

“The lure of militancy for local youths is a “cause of worry,” the Washington Post report quoted an Indian security official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the matter with the media, as saying. “Militants have used social media to “glamorize gun culture,” he said, while at the same time, “the world has become smaller.” Events elsewhere in India or around the world now reverberate in Kashmir, feeding a sense among Muslims that they are under attack,” it added.

“In Srinagar, Kashmir’s largest city, paramilitary officers stand guard on bridges and roads against a backdrop of stunning snow-capped mountains. Some walls still bear graffiti with the name “Burhan,” a popular militant commander killed in July 2016. His killing sparked massive and violent protests to which India responded with deadly force”, the report noted.

“Naeem Fazili remembers his son Eisa, a university student, coming to him in an agitated state after a young engineer was killed in the 2016 protests. “You’re saying that we should arm ourselves with degrees and knowledge” to help the Kashmiri people, Fazili recalls his son saying. “But what did this degree give him?” the report said.

“A school principal, Fazili placed a premium on education and sent his two sons to the most prestigious private high school in Srinagar. Eisa went on to study engineering at a university in the city of Jammu. Then, one day during his final semester in 2017, he disappeared”, it added.

“The day after Fazili began frantically searching for his son, he received a call from a neighbor. “Uncle, do you know how to use Facebook?” the neighbor asked, and he directed Fazili to a specific page. There, he found a photo of Eisa holding an AK-47 rifle. It was “a bolt from the blue,” Fazili said. His son was killed in an encounter with Indian security forces in March 2018, the authorities said”, the report mentioned.

The report quoted Umair Gul, a doctoral student who had studied the history of the insurgency in Kashmir, as writing recently that “educated Kashmiris have long been present among the militants. But thanks to social media, such examples are gaining new prominence and serving as a recruitment tool.”

“Since the bombing on Feb. 14, India has sent thousands more security personnel to Kashmir. It outlawed an Islamist socio-religious group and arrested hundreds of its members. Authorities raided the homes of well-known separatist leaders. They also postponed state elections, deepening the crisis of democracy in Jammu and Kashmir, whose assembly was dissolved in controversial fashion in 2018,” the report pointed out.

“(Also last year, the Indian government began requiring foreign correspondents to apply for permits to conduct reporting in Jammu and Kashmir. The permit received by The Washington Post for this story limited the reporter to Srinagar and included a condition that the reporter not meet with people engaged in “anti-national activities,” without defining such actions)”, the report mentioned.

“At the University of Kashmir, students in headscarves and hoodies strolled along paths beneath towering chinar trees, their trunks pale in the winter sunlight. When Bhat disappeared from the campus on a Friday last year, his students did not know what to think. Some thought he had gone south for a job interview in the city of Hyderabad. Then they worried that he had been detained by the security forces and launched a day-long protest to demand his release”, it added.

“Bhat’s father, Abdul Rahim, 64, a retired civil servant, cried as he recalled the phone call he received from his son early on a Sunday morning last May. Bhat told his parents that he was trapped in an encounter with the security forces and was going to become a martyr, his father recalled. He told them not to worry, that they would meet in the next life.”

“Those who knew Bhat expressed shock that he had turned to militancy, but, ultimately, they were not surprised at his motives. “In Kashmir, anything is possible,” the report quoted Pirzada M. Amin, chair of the sociology department at the University of Kashmir as saying. “It is a conflict zone. It can influence anybody.”