What's behind the deadly carnage in Afghanistan

What's behind the deadly carnage in Afghanistan

ISLAMABAD - The Taliban and the Islamic State group are creating a perfect storm of carnage in Kabul , adapting to ramped up security in the war-weary capital to strike again and again -- and it is civilians who are paying the price.

Three times in the past 10 days Taliban and IS extremists have penetrated heavily fortified areas in Afghanistan's capital to carry out attacks that have killed and wounded hundreds of people, including foreigners.

The extremists' chilling ability to hit at the heart of the country despite increased police checks has put security and intelligence failures in the spotlight.

After the latest assault Monday, an IS-claimed attack on an army battalion that killed at least 11 soldiers, President Ashraf Ghani pledged in a tweet that 'reforms in our intelligence services and Ministry of Interior are our top priority now'.

But as public anger swells, security officials are on the defensive.

'The terrorists are changing their tactics,' Mohammad Masoom Stanekzai, the head of Afghanistan's spy agency, told reporters on Sunday.

'It does not mean a lapse (in security). We have foiled many attacks but some are difficult to control.'

On January 20 the Taliban launched the first of two massive attacks in <link>Kabul <link> : an hours-long assault on a luxury hotel in which at least 25 people were killed, including many foreigners.

One week later an ambulance laden with explosives detonated in a crowded street, killing more than 100 people and wounding hundreds more in one of the deadliest bomb blasts in <link>Kabul <link> in recent years.

The Taliban claimed responsibility, insisting the explosion had killed mainly police.

On Monday many residents awoke to the sounds of gunfire and explosions once more as IS militants attacked the battalion.

Relentless Taliban violence is not new to the city. But, analysts say, the insurgents' recent escalation is exacerbated by the lightning increase in IS attacks in the capital since 2016.

There is no reason to believe the Taliban and IS are partnering operationally, or conversely, competing to outdo each other, says Michael Kugelman of the Wilson Center in Washington, DC.

But 'the cumulative effect of their attacks is simply devastating,' he told AFP.

- 'Gloves off' -

As the Taliban ramps up its insurgency to drive out foreign forces and IS tries to expand its relatively small foothold in the country, <link>Kabul <link> is becoming more attractive for both groups, said Borhan Osman, a senior analyst with the International Crisis Group.

'Increasing pressure on the battlefield may be leading them to hit back in an area where they can publicly disprove the rhetoric of the US military or Afghan government that they have weakened the Taliban or IS,' Osman told AFP.

That 'can also shake public confidence in the government's ability to protect the population.'

Western officials have told AFP the militants are adapting to new security measures, such as those implemented since a massive truck bomb in May 2017 killed around 150 and wounded about 400, in <link>Kabul <link> 's deadliest attack since the US invasion. - AFP