NEW DELHI - Numerous witnesses, activists, journalists within India, and observers from other countries, have repeatedly stated that the 2002 Gujarat violence was not a spontaneous clash between two communities, it was a revenge riot presided upon by an indulgent state.
Coming in the aftermath of the Godhra train burning, in which kar sevaks returning from Ayodhya were burnt alive, the riots saw Hindu mobs kill, rape and displace thousands of Muslims.
A 2012 report <link> in *The Guardian* states: “The killers may have been in touch with police and politicians. According to the 2011 Amicus report, two cabinet ministers even sat in police control rooms.
A senior police officer and minister, murdered in 2003, claimed that Modi explicitly instructed civil servants and police not to stand in the killers' way. Of course, Modi has always denied involvement and condemned the riots.”
The nature of the riots, thus, was very specific, and one of the bloodiest expressions of the ideology that the BJP believes in - India belongs to Hindus, and no attack on the community is to be tolerated.