Geological Survey of Pakistan reveals Mines and Minerals worth of Pakistan

Geological Survey of Pakistan reveals Mines and Minerals worth of Pakistan

ISLAMABAD, Jun 17 (APP): Geological Survey of Pakistan reveals Mines and Minerals worth of Pakistan


The Federal government, in view of mineral potential of each province, plans to introduce numerous schemes during next year, aimed at enhancing exports and creating employment opportunities.


Apart from ongoing scheme of capacity building and geophysical survey of sub-surface pre-cambrian shield rocks new schemes have been planned for Punjab including construction of road network  to facilitate coal supply to power plant at Pind-Dadan Khan, District Jhelum.


Province-wise official data has revealed on Friday that the resources potential of Punjab includes energy minerals, metallic minerals and industrial minerals and other schemes are identification of effective strategies to optimize coal production from coal mines in Salt Range/Trans Indus Range (District Jehlum, Chakwal, Khushab and Mianwali), Punjab and Rock Salt potential blocks delineation in Salt Range, Punjab.


In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), the total area is 74521 sqkm out of which 70 percent consists of mountains and rocks. The formation of these rocks contains huge prospects of different metallic/non- metallic minerals and various precious/semi-precious gemstones and other minerals.


It has vast mineral resources which were not being  exploited to its full potential. Based on exploration done so far, excellent prospects of findings and discovering other valuable deposits exists.


The major plans of Minerals Development Department include  an establishment of new mines labour welfare dispensaries and water supply schemes in cluster of mine areas on need basis.


The others are to initiate work on establishment of recreational centers for mine labours in cluster of mine areas, continuation of scheme titled `reimbursement of expenditure incurred on medical treatment of mine labours throughout KPK for  patients of cancer, tuberculosis, heart diseases, kidney transplantation, medical health and other chronic diseases and   continuation of award of scholarships to children of mine  labour.


Similarly in Sindh, the schemes are appraisal of newly- discovered coal resources of Badin Coal Field and its adjoining areas of southern Sindh a drilling of two bore hole have been completed at depth of 381.46 meters and 423 meters, encountered coal seams at different depth from 342.54 m to 380.24 m, with accumulative thickness of coal, 6.17 meters and 5.00 meters respectively.


Core samples collected and their chemical analysis have been completed while geological logging has been completed to drilled depth.


Moreover, Geological Survey of Pakistan has published first ever geological map of Sindh. Since discovery of Thar coal field, several areas of Sindh has attained a significant importance in their stratigraphic settings and natural resources potential such  as bentonite, granite and celestite etc.


Balochistan, having a major share in minerals being produced in Pakistan, constitutes about 42 percent of total national land.  The government of Balochistan is providing institutional arrangements but still there is dire need for development of technologies for processing different indigenous ores to extract products of high commercial value which will bring socio-economic uplift and create job opportunities.


Presently, more than 51 metallic and non metallic minerals have been discovered in Balochistan out of which 29 are being exploited including minerals such as chromite, copper, iron, lead, zinc, manganese, antimony and gold etc whereas the non-metallic include barite, fluorite, calcite, magnesite, granite, coal and dimension stone such as marble both onyx & ordinary, granite, gabbro basalt and dunite etc.