LONDON: A tsunami threat alert has been issued for the coastal region of Pakistan and Iran which could effect millions of people living on the coastline.
There can be demolition by tectonic plates unfixed in the Arabian Sea to the intensifying populated coastline of Pakistan and Iran, similar to the case of tsunamis in South Asia in 2004 and Japan in 2011, according to a report published in British newspaper The Independent.
Past division of years, the destruction and deaths caused by Tsunami has made it very visible. The clear catastrophic case of Japan in 2011, magnitude 9 earthquake, produced waves up to 20 meters in height that killed more than 15,000 people.
The southern coastal region of Iran and Pakistan, Makran is a subduction zone where Earth’s tectonic plate is dragged beneath another, forming a giant fault known as a “megathrust”.
When the plates move past each other, they cause tension and when the stress reaches a point, it becomes an earthquake. Tohoku 2011 and Sumatra 2004 is exactly the case of megathrust.
The megathrust does not move in the one go, stress build up at different rates on different parts of the fault, with some parts sliding smoothly past each other.
The aggregate that the Makran megathrust can move in earthquakes has been a vague research, but the venomous climate and challenging politics of the region have made research difficult.
There has not been a record of subduction earthquake in Makran. However, no witness of earthquake does not mean, there will never be one. The research is incomplete because not many people have lived in the Iranian Makran, a desert that killed Alexander the Great’s army is basically the core reason of why earthquakes have not been documented.
The intensity of the earthquake has been building up with velocities fit with Iran being shortened near the coast. The awareness has to be taken care off since this is one huge threat for those living in coastal regions around the Arabian Sea.
To avoid this danger, the people have to be prepared, properly. As of now, a large earthquake in Makran is unvarying with the restricted data that is on the go. Scientists from Iran and Pakistan will have to take good measures to get an exact idea of this subduction zone.