Trump gave few details in a tweet about his telephone conversation with Xi Friday, but the White House had said the two leaders committed to keeping the pressure on North Korea until it takes "tangible steps" toward denuclearization.
Trump stunned the world this week by accepting an invitation to meet Kim before the end of May, an unexpected turnabout after months of intensifying brinksmanship that sent tensions soaring.
Trump tweeted that Xi "appreciates that the U.S. is working to solve the problem diplomatically rather than going with the ominous alternative. China continues to be helpful!"
The White House said the ever-more-powerful Chinese president committed to "maintain pressure and sanctions until North Korea takes tangible steps toward complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization."
Trump praised a possible future agreement with the communist North as "very good" for the international community as a whole in a Friday tweet.
"The deal with North Korea is very much in the making and will be, if completed, a very good one for the World. Time and place to be determined," Trump wrote.
As aides scrambled to catch up with the president's decision, taken before consulting key confidantes, the White House sent mixed messages about conditions.
"They've made promises to denuclearize, they've made promises to stop nuclear and missile testing," White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said.
"We're not going to have this meeting take place until we see concrete actions that match the words and the rhetoric of North Korea," she told reporters.
Officials behind the scenes said this did not constitute a change of heart.
In the Hague, former secretary of state and Trump rival Hillary Clinton questioned the administration's readiness for the diplomatic challenge ahead.
"If you want to talk to Kim Jong Un about his nuclear weapons you need experienced diplomats," Clinton told Dutch tabloid Algemeen Dagblad in an interview published Saturday.
She said the State Department was "being eroded," and experienced diplomats on the North Korean issue were in short supply because many have left.
"You cannot have diplomacy without diplomats," she said, adding "the danger is not being recognized by the Trump government."
Clinton's words echo those of veteran diplomat and former US ambassador to the United Nations, Bill Richardson, who warned that negotiating with North Korea was not "reality television."
"It's a real opportunity... I worry about the president's unpreparedness and lack of discipline. But I commend him for his very bold move in accepting the invitation," Richardson told AFP on Friday.
"But this is not 'The Apprentice' or a reality TV event. It's a negotiation with an unpredictable leader who has at least 20 nuclear weapons and who threatens the United States," he said.