Rapid Urbanisation of Pakistan: A blessing or curse
Whereas, the population in urban areas increased from 38.5 percent in 2014 to 40 percent in 2016.
Population Division figures have showed on Friday that Pakistan is one of those developing countries where urbanization is taking place rapidly and as a result the share of urban population is increasing.
However, the process of urbanization is accompanied with social, health and environmental issues and, therefore, requires proper planning to make the urbanization helpful in economic development of the country.
Moreover, with regard to labour force participation rate, the data showed that it indicates supply of labour in economy and the proportion of people in labour force of the country. It also shows working capacity of labours and job market trends.
The labour force participation rate has slightly decreased from 32.9 percent in 2012-13 to 32.3 per cent in 2014-15.
Female labour force participation rate increased from 15.6 percent in 2012-13 to 15.8 percent in 2014-15.
Male labour force participation rate decreased from 49.3 percent in 2012-13 to 48.1 percent in 2014-15.
Women in the workforce can be a major driver of economic growth. This increasing participation of women in paid work shows sincere and committed efforts by government to reduce gender gap in labour force participation rate.
It also shows that women are getting better opportunities of obtaining technical and professional education a more jobs.
The comparison of rural and urban participation rates reveals that labour force participation rate is higher in rural areas as compared to urban areas because of agrarian economy.
As agriculture is treated as a family occupation in rural areas, therefore, the female labour force participation in rural areas is higher as compared to urban areas.