ISLAMABAD: People who use smartphones in excess may experience personal, social and workplace problems, warns new research.
In the study, participants who identified themselves as "addicts" and "fanatics" exhibited signs that could indicate depression, social isolation, social anxiety, shyness, impulsivity and low self-esteem.
"Our smartphones have turned into a tool that provides short, quick, immediate satisfaction, which is very triggering," said Isaac Vaghefi, Assistant Professor at Binghamton University-State University of New York.
The umbrella term "technology addiction" refers to addictive behaviour related to social media, excessive texting, information overload, online shopping, gambling, video gaming and overall smartphone usage.
For the study, the researchers surveyed 182 college students and asked them to report their daily routine of smartphone usage.
Based on the analysis of the responses, they classified the user as one of the following types -- thoughtful, regular, highly engaged, fanatic and addict.
Seven per cent identified as "addicts" and 12 per cent identified as "fanatics." Both groups experience personal, social and workplace problems due to a compulsive need to be on their smartphones, according to the study published in the Information Systems Journal.
Females were most likely to exhibit susceptibility to addiction, the study said. (APP)