Indian government retaliates against US
The increased duties apply to products including almonds, apples and walnuts, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs said.
India would "implement the imposition of retaliatory duties on 28 specified goods originating in or exported from (the) USA", it said in a notification.
The list initially included 29 goods but artemia, a kind of shrimp, has been removed from the list.
India is the number two market of California almonds and Washington apples.
The trade tensions come despite efforts from Washington to boost ties with India as a counterweight to China, and assertions made by both US President Donald Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi about their good relationship.
The stage for the row was set last year after Washington refused to exempt India from higher steel and aluminium tariffs, in keeping with Trump´s decision to act against countries with which it has a large trade deficit.
But it delayed raising tariffs several times, hoping for negotiation to tackle the sticky trade issue.
However Trump´s decision this month to strip New Delhi of its preferential trade status appears to have prompted the latest Indian move.
According to the new tariffs, import duty on walnut has been hiked to 120 percent from 30 percent and on chickpeas and lentils it has been raised to 70 percent from 30 percent currently.
The trade row is likely to be taken up when Trump and Modi meet at the G20 summit on June 28-29 in Osaka.
Washington is already engaged in a full-blown trade war with India´s regional rival China. -APP/AFP