Why US has allocated Civil Military Aid to Pakistan in next fiscal year

Why US has allocated Civil Military Aid to Pakistan in next fiscal year

WASHINGTON: The Trump administration has asked Congress to approve $336 million of civil and military aid to Pakistan for the next fiscal year, arguing that the proposed military assistance will help defeat Al Qaeda and the militant Islamic State (IS) group.

The total request is $10 million less than the previous year and links the defence assistance to Islamabad’s action against alleged terror safe havens on its soil.

The proposed military assistance includes $80 million from the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) fund, $20 million less than $100 million from the last fiscal year. In 2017, the administration received $242.25 million for Pakistan from this fund. The 2019 proposals also mention that the FMF funds accumulated since 2017 include an OCO (Overseas Contin­gency Operations) component of $242.25 million.

The budget not used in a given year, such as those for 2017 and 2018, can be carried forward to the next fiscal year, 2019, which begins on Oct 1.

This is particularly important for Pakistan, as large amounts from the previous allocations were not released due to Islamabad’s alleged links with Afghan militants.

The request for military assistance also makes clear that the implementation of FY 2019 FMF resources is “contingent on Pakistan taking appropriate action to expand cooperation in areas where interests converge and to address areas of national divergence, in line with the Administration’s South Asia strategy”.

A Jan 4 order suspended most security aid to Islamabad, but the State Department says that the proposed military assistance will “advance US national security interests by supporting Pakistan’s capacity to improve stability and security and fight terrorism”.

The proposed assistance will also encourage Pakis­tan to “eliminate safe havens for terrorist and militant organisations” and will encourage it to “continue efforts to build the counterterrorism and counterinsurgency capabilities of its security forces”, it adds.

The State Department argues that these capabilities are “needed to improve security in tribal areas along the border with Afghanistan”.

The proposed military assistance will also “help to achieve progress on joint US-Pakistan objectives, par­ticularly bilateral efforts to confront the threat of terrorist networks, including core Al Qaeda and ISIS-Khorasan Province,” the department adds.

The funds will also “improve Pakistan’s ability to participate in US-led Coalition Maritime Forces and patrol its maritime borders to stem the flow of illicit materials and personnel”, the State Department explains.