The 16th meeting of the Council of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization , Heads of Government begins in Russian city of Sochi today. The SCO meeting is the first of its kind after the organization's membership expansion in June to include India and Pakistan.
The SCO has China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan as its full members. It has four observer states, namely Iran, Afghanistan, Belarus and Mongolia.
The organization now covers three-fifths of Eurasia, and has nearly half of the world population.